A new role for municipalities

With European homes accounting for 26% of final energy consumption and making a significant contribution to climate change, municipal governments are fast adopting a role in empowering citizens to refurbish domestic dwellings to low carbon standards. This guide explores how this is already happening and offers inspiration for anyone with a role in a municipality.

Future Fit Homes?

This guide focuses on the refurbishment of existing dwellings in order to improve their energy performance and reduce overall carbon impacts for householders. Our definition of a Future Fit Home is informed by the EU Commission’s Renovation Wave for Europe (2020) document that sets out key principles for building renovation between 2030 and 2050, namely: reducing energy demand as a first step; affordability with protection for vulnerable and low income householders; the integration of small scale renewables where possible; whole life cycle thinking and maximising use of low embodied carbon materials; and high health and environmental standards.

To this we add the need to consult and involve end users, householders and tenants in all stages of refurbishment, a key principle of the mPower project and a requirement for the delivery of any high quality and sustainable refurbishment programme.

Municipal motivation

Municipalities are well placed to respond to the roll out of Future Fit Homes. In developing this guide, we have identified examples of cities acting around Europe, in different ways to encourage retrofit within their area: from developing policies, to offering incentives and One Stop Shop models to forming innovative collaborations and partnerships.

mPower – by municipalities for municipalities

Running between 2018 and 2022, mPOWER is a Horizon 2020 project facilitating a peer-to-peer learning programme among more than a hundred European local public authorities, designed to replicate innovative best practices in municipal energy, and developing ambitious energy transition plans.

This guide was developed in collaboration with municipal officers participating in the mPower Exchange programme and is relevant for anyone with a role within a municipality.

In 2019–2020, twenty cities from across the continent took part in mPower Exchange. Structured around city visits, it enabled local authorities to spend face-to-face time exploring, understanding and developing new and existing energy projects. This highly participatory learning programme was focused on exchanging practical knowledge and expertise. The themes were domestic energy efficiency, local energy communities and renewables expansion.

This guide shares the knowledge and expertise of those city innovators. Whilst no single project can be replicated in full elsewhere, we believe other cities can draw inspiration from these experiences to create solutions suited to local context and conditions.

1. Creating favourable conditions

Municipalities play a crucial role in creating the right conditions for high quality household energy efficiency improvement programmes to flourish.

Mapping and enforcing home energy performance: Donastio-San Sebastian, Spain

Understanding building energy performance in Donatio-San Sebastian.

Photo Credit: Miguel Ángel Garcí

Donostia-San Sebastián lies in the Basque country, an autonomous region in the north of Spain. With nearly 200,000 inhabitants, the city is known for its rich cultural heritage and vibrant social life. The culinary specialities that can be enjoyed along the picturesque beachfront ‘Playa de la Concha’ attract many tourists, and the city’s economy is dominated by the service industry.

As a coastal city San Sebastian is anticipating rising sea levels due to climate change. A member of the municipal energy alliance Energy Cities since 2015, the city’s administration is at the forefront of local energy transitions in Spain.

The  city’s commitment to  transition in the context of global climate change is set out in the ‘Plan de Acción Klima 2050 de Donostia-San Sebastián’. The plan focuses on the fact that energy consumption in San Sebastian relies heavily on fossil fuel from other countries, and a clean energy transformation implies responsible use of the planet’s resources. Therefore,  municipal vision is ‘soberanía energética’ or energy sovereignty. This replaces the extraction of fossil fuels and its damaging effects with community choice and control over local sustainable energy sources. It combines the wish of the local administration to manage all aspects of local energy – production, distribution and consumption with a notion of a shared global responsibility for a clean and just energy transition.

Donostia-San Sebastián’s roadmap sets targets for the introduction of renewable energy, and for the reduction of energy consumption through increased energy efficiency. In order to achieve carbon neutrality in both the energy and transport sectors by 2050, the city has identified the following targets:

  • 80% of buildings will be highly energy efficient.
  • The energy consumption mix will be a minimum of 80% renewable energy.
  • Both private and public transport will be electric.

New knowledge

Photo Credit: Municipality of Donastio San Sebastian

To build the municipality’s understanding of local building energy efficiency performance a study of local buildings was carried out. There are 88,000 dwellings in the city in nearly 10,000 residential buildings, predominantly apartment blocks. Drawing on municipal and national data sets, they found that 71% of the buildings lacked thermal insulation. Residential buildings were responsible for around a quarter of the municipal carbon footprint. There had been no coordinated action to improve buildings’ energy efficiency since 1980.

In response, the municipality set ambitious goals for building energy-efficiency. They passed a new local ordinance obliging anyone applying for a building refurbishment permit to include energy efficiency improvement commitments within the work. The proposals would have to show a commitment to improving the building’s energy efficiency performance to better than the national minimum energy efficiency standard.

Photo Credit: Municipality of Donastio San Sebastian

The ordinance has already proven successful in boosting energy-efficient refurbishments with noteworthy results. By the end of 2018, 1,169 retrofitting works have taken place under the ordinance. An evaluation of the first 7 years (2009 to2016) found that 13% of the dwellings in the city had gone though some kind of retrofitting work. 825 roofs and facades of private buildings were refurbished, estimated to have saved 4% of the total consumption of electricity and gas in Donostia-San Sebastián’s residential buildings, or five tons of CO2 emissions per property.

Adapted from a blog written by Jon Gastañares and Iker Mardaras Larrañaga, City of Donostia-San Sebastián, Basque Country

Finance Impact More information & sources
The project was financed from municipal budgets. Between 2009–2016:

  • 825 roofs and facades of private buildings refurbished
  • 13% of the dwellings underwent retrofit work
  • 4% of electricity and gas total consumption saved
  • Reduction of five tons of CO2 emissions per property

A detailed net-zero standard for homes: Cotswolds, UK

Cotswolds Council launches net-zero standard for homes to support coordination between housing industry players.

Photo Credit: Rachel Coxcoon, Cotswold District Council

Under the leadership of Cotswold District Council, three district councils have collaborated to commission a ‘Net Zero’ toolkit. The document brings together wide-ranging advice, targets, standards and technology options into one place, making it easier for local housebuilders, architects, self-builders and consultants to plan net-zero housing projects. All three collaborators (Cotswold, West Oxfordshire, and Forest of Dean) aspire to make local retrofit projects part of their municipal climate strategies. The toolkit offers practical advice, encouraging understanding between the diverse housing actors and fostering a culture of collaboration, and was funded by a grant that Cotswold District Council secured from the Local Government Association.

A consortium of low carbon home experts engaged in the co-production of the toolkit working with climate officers from three councils, to share their knowledge. Councillor Rachel Coxcoon, Cabinet Member for Climate Change and Forward Planning at Cotswold District Council, said:

“If we are to reach the UK’s target to reach net-zero by 2050, we need to share resources and learning so that everyone can make the right choices when it comes to low carbon homes. From the very outset, we have designed the toolkit to be adapted and used by other local authorities, but commercial organisations are welcome to disseminate it too, to help widen the climate emergency response.”

Edited from research conducted by Laura Williams 

2. One-stop-shops

Pass Rénovation: Hauts-de-France, France

A programme that offers technical and financial support  that assists multiple tenures (homeowners, landlords and collective housing) to retrofit their homes.

Photo Credit: Jean-Pol GRANDMONT on Wikimedia

The Pass Renovation operates at a regional scale and is implemented in 12 territories within the region of Hauts-de-France, in the north of the country. It was designed by the Public Service for Energy Efficiency (PSEE) and has been operational since 2014.

The regional government could see that to lower carbon emissions, homeowners needed significant technical and financial support to retrofit their homes. They set up the Hauts-de-France Pass Renovation to meet this need. The scheme offers technical support alongside personalised financial plans to help property owners retrofit their homes.

Hauts-de-france. Photo Credit: Pass Renovation

This support includes a zero-rate eco-loan which allows property owners to borrow up to €30,000 per dwelling at 0% interest over 15 years. The average loans are 43,000 euros, and repayments can be made in monthly payments that are linked to post-works energy bill savings.

This scheme, having run since 2014, has supported a sustainable local market for energy efficiency works and new job opportunities. The scheme also allows property owners to monitor their homes and increase their understanding of energy savings.

The strength of the scheme lies in the regional government acting as an intermediary between property owners and construction companies. The offer of long-term attractive finance and the integration of this with technical assistance is clearly a successful combination.

The success of the scheme has led to the Picardie Pass Rénovation which supports tenants in communal housing.

Edited from research conducted by Aneaka Kellay

Finance Impact More information & sources
  • Funding comes from European Fund for Regional Development
  • (ERFD) and ELENA Funds (European Local Energy Assistance), regional funds from the Picardie Regional Council.
Since 2014, the project has:

  • Invested 67 million euros,
  • Retrofitted over 3,600 properties
  • Energy savings of 50%

Energie Centrale: Ghent, Belgium

Municipally owned energy ‘one stop’ efficiency advice, support and finance service in Ghent, that helps with co-owned as well as individually owned buildings.

Photo Credit: Michael Schmalenstroer on Wikipedia Commons

Ghent’s climate journey began in 2009 when they signed the Covenant of Mayors Agreement. Their long-term aim to become a climate-neutral city by 2050 is broken down into short-term commitments to reduce local carbon emissions by 20% by 2020 and 40% by 2040. Seven core themes underlie their strategy, including energy efficiency in homes, commercial buildings, low carbon transport, sustainable industry, food, circular economy and climate adaptation, with plans for each in place to guide city-wide activity. The city dedicated around €20m from the municipal budget to fund this work.

One of their major actions was to set up Energiecentrale, a citizens energy advice hub in the city centre. The residential sector is responsible for 22% of Ghent’s CO2 emissions, making it an important area of action for the municipality.

Imagining alternatives

Photo Credit: De Energiecentrale – City of Ghent

EnergieCentrale offers many services to help citizens understand the potential of energy saving.

Citizens can scope out options for their home through a light-touch online assessment called check your home. This self-guided tool takes users through a step-by-step analysis before recommending a series of energy efficiency and waste saving actions. It’s quick and easy to use and covers the basics. Building types, age, heating systems, insulation, electrical system and installed solar are assessed to predict the heating and electricity demand of the home. This information is used to give the householder an indicative energy rating label for the property, as well as the potential for green roofs and gardens. Users can opt to have results sent to their email, request an appointment with an energy advisor or receive extra info on grants and loans available through the municipality. It is possible to go through the process without having a Ghent address, so anyone can see how the system works.

Photo Credit: De Energiecentrale – City of Ghent

Tailored audits

Any citizen can book a free home energy visit. This service is free for everyone living in Ghent, tenant, owner orlandlord alike.

During a survey, one of Energiecentrale’s 12 assessors visits the home to create a detailed assessment of potential energy savings options. These assessors will look at the building in its totality; roofs, windows, heating, water harvesting, green roof and solar potential are all considered. This ‘whole-house’ approach differs from single energy efficiency measure approaches, producing better results for homeowners regarding comfort and carbon saving. Recommendations are ranked by importance where improving the fabric of the building comes first, to reduce the amount of energy needed, before looking at renewable energy generation and other measures.

Photo Credit: De Energiecentrale – City of Ghent

Residents are fully engaged in the process, with lots of opportunities to discuss their household energy usage, ask questions about the options presented and develop a plan with the assessor. To understand comfort requirements, the assessor discusses the use of space and patterns with the householder. This approach helps ensure that the proposed improvements meet the household requirements, increasing the usability and performance of the final measures.

This “energy scan” is also an opportunity for the assessors to share information about less well known energy efficiency measures. Options such as changing to a heat pump over a traditional boiler are part of real-time conversations, building up the householder’s knowledge and confidence.

Following on from the energy advice session, the advisor helps with the next steps of the work, including finding contractors, comparing quotes, identifying appropriate finance options, and monitoring works.

Coordination within apartments

For people living in apartments, gaining agreement from all building’s co-owners can be a challenge. Some changes like roof insulation need to be tackled together. Others like installing double or triple glazed glass need individual consent. Energiecentrale has a specific service for co-owners to help overcome these issues. Energy advisors will help the group to identify the best set of measures, find agreement between the co-owners and property managers and prepare proposals for the general meeting.

Photo Credit: De Energiecentrale – City of Ghent

Building trust

Householders need to trust in the service and see the potential benefit that energy efficiency work can bring before agreeing to embark on energy efficiency improvements. As trusted and democratically elected organisations municipalities are well placed to serve this function.

In Ghent, the municipality publishes stories of householders that have already been through the process in testimonials. From the experience of a renter through to the renovation of a full apartment block, each story talks through the motivations, experience and energy efficiency measures that were chosen. Pictures of the work and the people involved are included giving it a more human touch. These stories help to show others interested in renovating their homes what it would really mean for them, ease worries and build confidence in what Energiecentrale has to offer.

Supplier relationships

Energiecentrale has built relationships with existing suppliers to create a link between tradespeople and householders. Each time a new building project develops, contractors will learn about the jobs by signing up to an email list. Tenders circulated on the list will have a clear job description and price. Contractors have two weeks to reply to each tender. If they fail to reply within four weeks, they are removed from the list. Assessors chose three potential contractors out of the responses that are presented back to the householder. From a local contractor perspective, this helps to bring in new custom and give confidence to new traders around the promise of new work.

Photo Credit: De Energiecentrale – City of Ghent

Financial support

Ghent has set up a rolling Fund to Reduce the Overall Cost of Energy (FROCE) to provide low-cost loans up to €10,000 that help people invest in the energy efficiency measures identified during the energy scan. Loans are paid back over five years at an interest rate of 2%. Knowing that not all families can afford to pay for energy efficiency, the municipality provides a subsidy that can cover up to 70% of the cost. Vulnerable families are also able to apply for an energy loan at 0% interest.

To complement the work of the One-Stop Shop, Ghent city council runs projects specifically designed to reach more vulnerable householders. In Ghent Knapt Op the city collaborates with vulnerable families to co-design a home renovation process and tackle fuel poverty. Each household is offered €30,000 to cover renovation. No pre-financing is required and any loans taken are only required to be paid back to the city once they sell or move from the house, making it easier for those with limited disposable income to benefit.


Since Energiecentrale was launched in Ghent, the city has felt its positive impact. The service has made over 5,000 energy recommendations, more than 2,000 consultations, 4,500 energy scans, distributed 6,732 energy subsidies and issued 852 loans. A total of €30m was invested in Ghent’s homes between 2014 – 2019, creating 660 extra jobs in the construction sector. The city estimates that this is saving €1,2m per year on energy bills, equal to 5,800 tonnes less CO2 per year.

The coordination between householder engagement, contractor management and finances makes this approach work. Skills needed span technical, financial, people and project management fields. Having a good grasp of each and knowing how to bring them together is not easy. The One-Stop Shop model approach gives the municipality more control over the advice, measures and financial offer available to local people, which is why many local authorities are now considering doing the same.

Edited from Ghent study visit notes and online research conducted by Laura Williams

Setting and facilitating high standards: Stuttgart, Germany

Stuttgart sets a municipally approved standard for household energy efficiency.

In Stuttgart, the municipality has developed a Stuttgart renovation standard to ensure high-quality, energy-efficient and durable retrofits with optimum comfort and price performance.

This quality management system contains binding standards and guidelines for all renovation phases, offering a high level of transparency during construction. The standard was developed in collaboration with tradespeople and partners from the sector.

Each energy audit creates an on-site diagnosis exploring the general condition of the building, building envelope, heating and hot water system. Airtightness, thermographic imaging and blower door tests are used to identify the best solutions for the building. The retrofit standard is implemented through the Energy Advice Centre One-Stop-Shop. This organisation acts as a quality control via guarantees that contractors and building firms comply with. Through the service, householders can access a list of architects that align with the renovation standard.

Edited from online research for mPower peer learning programme conducted by Laura Williams

Citizen co-financing: Zenica, Bosnia-Herzegovina

Harnessing citizen finance to boost municipal energy efficiency upgrade action.

Photo Credit: Nermin Smajić

In Zenica in Bosnia Herzegovina, eighty percent of the city’s energy consumption comes from housing. Improving household energy efficiency is one of the most significant challenges in the city’s energy transition. The municipality  decided to  make citizens co-financiers of their energy efficiency roll out in condominiums. They published a public offer to provide 50% match funding to any condominium willing and interested in investing in energy efficiency measures. The city had planned to accompany this offer with a public campaign to boost awareness. Covid-19 restrictions, unfortunately, restricted what was possible.

Nonetheless, fifty condominiums responded to the call with interest. The municipality employed an energy advisor from a public energy consultancy firm to review each building and help each condominium find suitable energy efficiency improvement. Steps explored included installing insulation on the building’s facade, roofing improvements and replacing windows.

The municipality contributed €197,000 towards the chosen measures across Zenica, with match funding provided by the condominiums. Twenty-one roofs and seven facades received improvements through the scheme. Not only did this policy have direct wellbeing and carbon saving benefits for the condominium residents, but the word also travelled to other condominiums about the positive impact. Some condominiums decided to follow suit and invest in their own renovation work.

Edited from expert witness presentation by Jakuta Imširović, municipality of Zenica

3. Household microgeneration: public information and incentives

Following demand reduction, domestic microgeneration can offer an important step within a refurbishment offer. This section includes examples of public information and financial incentives offered by municipalities to increase the uptake of microgeneration measures for electricity and heat in homes.

Value on the rooftops: Barcelona, Spain

Motivating a wave of home solar installations in Barcelona

Barcelona at night. Photo Credit: EvgeniT on Pixabay

‘I believe that we must work on the rooftops’

– Eloi Badai, Barcelona City Council Elected Representative

Solar ordinance success

In 2000, Barcelona City Council was the first in Spain to include a “solar thermal ordinance” into their building regulations, making it compulsory for solar energy to supply 60% of the hot water requirements in new and renovated buildings. This policy aimed to make solar thermal a standard practice in buildings and increase momentum towards a city-wide energy transition. Over the past two decades, the policy has been pivotal in creating a mature market, helping to install 96,000m2 of solar thermal panels. Fifty other cities in Spain have followed in Barcelona’s footsteps, with local building regulations changes.

To any other city considering a similar approach, Barcelona would encourage starting with a public consultation process to discuss the economic impact, knowledge needed, and fulfilment criteria with developers, planners and installers as part of the drafting process. Although in Barcelona’s experience this process can take a few years, it is worth it to avoid negative responses towards the proposal.

Online maps

In recent year’s Barcelona has taken steps to encourage citizens, businesses and other stakeholders to consider solar electricity. With only 1% of the city’s energy produced locally, boosting local renewable energy supply is a priority for moving away from the greenhouse gas-intensive power supplied via the national grid.

The municipality’s research unveiled how important rooftops could be  in the city’s energy transition. The research showed that solar PV on roofs could provide 60% of the electricity consumption of Barcelona’s domestic sector.

To share this finding, Barcelona developed a tool that could help citizens and other stakeholders understand solar potential. The online map uses a colour-coded system to highlight buildings with the highest energy yield potential, predicted energy generation and greenhouse gas savings. A support service for any individual interested in installing solar for personal use, also known as self-consumption, is available.

Photo Credit: Municipality of Barcelona

One vital role of this service is informing people about the 2018 cancellation by the national government of the ‘sunshine tax’. Previously, individuals generating solar PV were taxed to compensate incumbent energy companies for their losses. The abolition of this tax led to a big increase in solar interest. The city council is also keen to promote the potential of self-consumption, advocating this as a new form of energy ownership.

When sharing the lessons of this work with mPower, Barcelona stressed the importance of leading by example to encourage people to consider solar. One of their most successful initiatives has been their work installing solar PV across the municipal estate. There are 100 systems already installed on municipal roofs and 17 pergola generators located in public spaces and parks. This installed capacity provides enough power for 1,900 homes and saves 1,900 tons in CO2 emissions.

Financial incentives

By Rafael Moreno Pérez, Barcelona Energy Agency

The ‘Right to Energy’ movement nurtured the emergence of Barcelona en Comú, a citizens’ alliance that now governs Barcelona City Council. The alliance aims to democratise and decentralise decision-making in the city and is responsible for the implementation of several measures to counter energy poverty.

Barcelona Energia was established by the city council and Barcelona Energy Agency as part of this process. The new municipal retailer purchases energy from producers and sells it to the citizens, seeking to break away from dependency on upon the large profit-oriented energy companies that dominate the Spanish energy market.

The city has therefore set up financial incentives for individuals and collective projects wanting to install solar panels, offered through Barcelona Energia. There are three levels:

  • Collective organisations can apply for a 50% grant to cover the initial cost of solar PV and solar thermal panels. This offer is also available to individuals.
  • A range of tax credits, including a 50% discount on fixed assets and credit of up to 95% of the building permit value are available to cover construction, installation, and building work.
  • The city council has also developed a mechanism for purchasing renewable energy generated by householders and selling it to others within the city. Barcelona Energia takes on the marketing of the energy companies’ tariffs and guarantees an adequate supply to all people in situations of risk or facing financial difficulties.

Adapted from a blog by Rafael Moreno Pérez, Barcelona Energy Agency and research conducted by Laura Williams

Co-operative financing for solar: Mouscron, Belgium  

Establishing a financial incentive scheme for solar through a new co-operative venture.

Photo Credit: City of Mouscron

Mouscron is a Belgian city based in the Walloon region. Climate change commitments became a local priority for Mouscron when they joined the Covenant of Mayor’s initiative in 2012. Through a combination of renewable energy, energy efficiency, sustainable buildings and citizen engagement methods, the city aims to reduce local greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030.

The council developed their strategy on the basis of an analysis of its carbon footprint by sector. They found that citizens and dwellings held the most significant carbon footprints within the city. Focusing on cutting carbon from municipal activities alone would not be enough, so they looked for good opportunities to support citizens to cut their carbon as well. At the time, only 3% of the total building stock in the area had solar panels installed. With a total of 21,500 residential buildings within Mouscron, the municipality developed a programme to help local people harness their roofs’ potential.

Turning theory into practice

The city Energy Department began to investigate how alternative financing methods could help citizens install solar panels. At the time, the Walloon Region was running a scheme called Qualiwatt, a €500 bonus paid annually over five years to anyone who installed solar PV. The Energy Department saw an opportunity to make it easier for those that would have liked to install solar panels but lacked upfront finance.

The team turned to an external company to help explore options for financing solar via a cooperative. They liked the idea of a cooperative because it would allow them to work more closely with their citizens on the climate emergency, whilst establishing new organisations in Mouscron itself, helping to shorten supply chains and create new jobs. The result was COOPEM, a joint venture between the citizens and the city.

The idea behind COOPEM was to make it easier for citizens to install solar by providing upfront finance to cover the installation costs, reducing the level of work and upfront capital needed by the householder. COOPEM was then able to recoup the capital via the Qualiwatt bonus that was payable for the installation over the subsequent few years. Solar installations are promoted to citizens via free household solar feasibility studies.

The municipality’s support was vital to COOPEM’s success in the early days. During the coop’s first year the Energy Department offered an €8,000 budget and ample staff time to support the set-up of the project. This support included organising a meeting in the city hall to help recruit members, trustees, and founders. These efforts brought together the founding members of COOPEM, including the municipality, the support company Aralia and ordinary citizens, who created the co-operative’s service offer. The next step was the launch of a share offer at a €250 nominal value. People could invest up to €5,000 and expect a 3-6% return. The city’s decision to financially back the scheme by underwriting the cooperative helped assure investors. The city continues to play a role as trustee of COOPEM with 15% share ownership.

COOPEM installed solar panels on 100 households providing a local economic stimulus through joint purchasing of equipment from local companies. Although the Qualiwatt bonus ended in 2018, COOPEM continues to provide a service for householders although with less subsidy.

Photo Credit: City of Mouscron

COOPEM have a similar service to install large capacity installations on SMEs and business premises, relying on the Walloon government’s green certificates subsidy. In this case, COOPEM provides third-party financing and pays for 10-25% of the installation costs, with the company paying the rest. To reclaim the money, COOPEM sells back the green certificates obtained from producing green energy, and also claims a share of the energy bill savings of the businesses involved.

Adapted from a blog by Emmanuel Fontaine, City of Mouscron

Reading list

Why energy efficiency?

The Power of Energy Savings
A summary of the EU context and need for energy saving activity.

Benefits of retrofit?

Health & Fuel poverty

Building cold homes referrals with the health sector
This toolkit provides guidance on developing cold homes referrals in partnership with the health sector, so that health professionals are able to identify and refer patients who are vulnerable to living in a cold home.

Carbon savings

Energy Consumption in Households
A Eurostat report on the carbon impact of European Households

Local economy

A Green Recovery for Local Economies
In this paper, Centre for Local Economic Strategies (CLES calls on localities across the UK to adopt a green recovery for local economies after Covid-19, to develop recovery packages centred on social, economic, and environmental justice.

Getting domestic retrofit right

The research group identified three important aspects for getting domestic retrofit right: people, quality and finance.

Municipal role

Domestic retrofit development in Frederikshavn
By Baraham Dehghan


How Local Authorities can encourage citizen participation in energy transitions?

Quality and supply chains

Kate De Selincourt Blog
Kate spoke at this group’s study visit to Plymouth and outlined the experience of failed retrofits in the UK context. Her blog gives a great overview of the topics that she touched on.

Catrin Maby on local supply chain is good further reading


Financing municipal retrofit
Financing municipal retrofit: presentation by Laura Williams

Retrofit financing
Retrofit financing by Jana Cicmanovo

Financing opportunities for Sustainable Energy & Climate Action Plan
Interactive funding guide and info resources

Working in partnership

A partner’s perspective on retrofit in Greater Manchester
By Jonathan Atkinson, Carbon Coop

Domestic retrofit models


How to set-up a one-stop-shop for integrated home energy renovation?

Retrofit to the Rescue

Enabling domestic retrofit

Community wealth building
Community wealth building is a people-centred approach to local economic development. It reorganises local economies to be fairer. It stops wealth flowing out of our communities, towns and cities. Instead, it places control of this wealth into the hands of local people, communities, businesses and organisations. CLES drew from the 5 pillars of community wealth building that focus on the current power of UK municipalities and considered how these could be applied in a domestic retrofit context. 

National policy context

Local leadership to transform our energy system
A UK focused paper proposing a series of national level policy changes designed to give local authorities an enhanced role in promoting energy efficiency work locally. 

Current context

Rescue, recover, reform
A framework for new local economic practice in the era of Covid-19